The Great Pacific War
Location of the battle
Location: Pacific Ocean east of the Bonin Islands.
Date of the battle
January 8th 1932.
In December 1931, the United States began preparations for a daring offensive against the Japanese-held Bonin Islands. The attacking forces would be divided into three groups: one consisting of the transports with a reinforced army division, one with the aircraft carriers, and the last with the battleships.
Order of battle
Imperial Japanese Navy: South Sea Squadron
Kuma-class light cruisers: Chitose (flag) and Oi
Ashigara-class light cruisers: Yoshino and Kasagi.
United States Navy: Asiatic Fleet
Albany-class light cruisers: USS Minneapolis (flag).
Omaha-class light cruisers: USS Marblehead, USS Concord and USS Cincinnati.
Lexington-class aircraft carrier: USS Saratoga.
United States Navy Convoy
Outcome of the battle
Losses suffered during the battle
The United States Navy: Asiatic Fleet losses Omaha-class light cruiser USS Marblehead, Albany-class light cruiser USS Minneapolis, eight destroyers and three transports carrying almost 4,000 men. The Imperial Japanese Navy: South Sea Squadron losses Kuma-class light cruisers Chitose and Oi and Ashigara-class light cruiser Kasagi. The badly damaged Omaha-class light cruiser USS Concord is sunk by a Japanese submarine the following day. The convoy eventually managed to join up with elements of the main fleet on January 11th.
United States Navy: Asiatic Fleet: 4,000 killed including those who were on aboard the transports.
Imperial Japanese Navy: South Sea Squadron: 1,200 sailors and officers killed.